Plantar fasciitis is a medical condition that involves the inflammation of the plantar fascia, the connective tissue by which the arch of the foot is supported.
People with this disease— especially runners— often experience pain in the knees. They also have great difficulty in bending the foot upwards in the direction of the knee.
The disorder can have a number of causes— obesity, excessive walking or sitting, and injuries to the foot are among them. Women are more likely to develop it than men, often because of pregnancy.
Doctors may use surgical methods to treat plantar fascitis, but orthotics— the use of foot supports— have proven to be of a much higher benefit for many people, according to studies by the Center for Evidence-Based Medicine. (Surgery also carries the risk of infection, nerve damage, and other ailments).
Likewise, there are specially designed shoes for improving or even curing plantar fasciitis, and this article will look at a number of them.
In general, plantar fasciitis shoes are made with special arch support not provided by other shoes in which the arch support is flatter. They have extra padding to cushion the feet, absorbing shock that can result from walking on a hard surface. They distribute the weight evenly across the heel.
New Balance is the brand rated the most highly by authority sites online. Another such brand includes Kuru Footwear, which is equipped with a flexible orthotic mid sole that stretches to meet the contours of the feet. Other popular brands that can be found online include Bite Arch Support Shoes, Orthofeed, Name Memphisto, and Finn Comfort Shoes.
There are different types of shoes for different activities— basketball, tennis, dress shoes, and sandals. A specialist should be consulted to answer questions about which shoes should be the most effective for a particular patient.
In addition to wearing special plantar fasciitis shoes, the patient should avoid— or lessen— the activity that is causing the disease. Finally, plantar fasciitis can worsen not only if the patient fails to wear the proper shoes, but also if he does not wear shoes at all.